Valparaiso It is a city, commune and port of Chile, capital of the province and Region of Valparaíso. It is the historical, administrative, university and main urban center of the metropolitan area of Valparaíso, which forms next to the communes of Viña del Mar, Quilpué, Villa Alemana and Concón.
According to the 2017 census, it has an estimated population of 300 000 people and if we include its metropolitan area, the Gran Valparaíso reaches the 952 000 inhabitants, being one of the most populated urban areas in Chile, along with the Greater Santiago and the Grand Concepción . Valparaíso is home to the National Congress, the Commander in Chief of the Chilean Navy and other state institutions of a national nature such as the Ministry of Culture, Arts and Heritage, the Undersecretariat of Fisheries, Customs and Customs Services Fishing and aquaculture. It is one of the ports with Most movement of Chile and one of the most important in the South Pacific.The city is recognized as a great center of higher education, since some of the most important universities in Chile are established, such as the University of Valparaíso, Technical University Federico Santa María, Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaíso and the University of Playa Ancha. Geographically, the city is presented in the form of a large natural amphitheater, located in the homonymous bay and surrounded by hills, in which most of the population lives. The Plan, administrative, commercial and financial center of the city is formed between the foot of the hills and the sea; while the bordemar is occupied by the port. Due to its architectural wealth developed mainly at the end of the 19th century, in 2003 its historical center was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco, becoming the third Chilean site protected by the international organization, after the Rapa Nui National Park and 16 churches of Chiloé